Lawmakers push to limit use of opioid settlement funds to fight addiction : Shots Health News : NPR
This sort of compulsive use can lead to tolerance and dependence, the hallmarks of addiction. Maybe the advent of nitazenes will finally persuade policymakers to stop digging. Drug prohibition drives the creation of more potent drug forms to enhance business efficiency. Smaller drug packages simplify smuggling, enabling dealers to subdivide stronger forms into smaller portions for sale, improving their risk/benefit ratio.
However, in cases when substitutes may not suffice, it’s crucial to be able to recognize the signs of addiction. The overprescribing of prescription pain medications can lead to misuse and abuse of these medications. Opioid abuse can lead to many long-term health problems and even death. Unfortunately the number of people experiencing an overdose of opioids is significant. The number who died of an overdose of opioids in the 12 months ending in April 2021 was estimated to be over 75,000.
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, these medications improve social functioning and increase the likelihood that people will complete treatment. One study reported that heroin overdose deaths plummeted by 37 percent after buprenorphine became available in Baltimore. If administered in time, the drug naloxone, also known by the brand name Narcan, can reverse the effects of an opioid overdose. Individuals with an opioid use disorder are at an especially high risk of overdose following detox, after completing a drug
rehab program or following release from jail or prison because of a reduced tolerance. Even a low dose of an opioid or
opiate can be fatal after a short time of abstinence.
According to the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), a person must have at least two of the signs listed in the symptoms section to be diagnosed with OUD. One of the most basic aspects of pharmacology is that a generic drug, such as oxycodone, can be a key ingredient in numerous branded drugs, such as OxyContin. Genetic, psychological and environmental factors also play a role in addiction, which can happen quickly or after many years of opioid use. This information provides a general overview and may not apply to everyone. Talk to your family doctor to find out if this information applies to you and to get more information on this subject.
How can I help a loved one with opioid use disorder?
Both inpatient and outpatient treatment programs are available for teens. People who abuse drugs, including teenagers, may also exhibit specific behavioral signs. Any drastic change in behavior may be a sign of drug addiction or another mental health issue. When stopping hydrocodone, your healthcare provider will gradually decrease the dose.
Read more about this intertwined problem in our Prescription Opioids and Heroin Research Report. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently reported that in the 12-month period ending last August, about 74,000 people died from fentanyl-related overdoses. While the numbers mentioned in this study are important for understanding the economic consequences of opioid addiction in Virginia, there are other harmful effects that can’t be reduced to a dollar amount. “The majority of the increase in our estimates between 2020 and 2021 reflects a better ascertainment of the problem in the 2021 NSDUH survey compared to the 2020 survey methods. However, data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows that opioid deaths also increased by 17% between 2020 and 2021, so it is likely that opioid use disorder increased by at least that much,” Chapman noted. The opioid cost calculator was first released in October 2022 and used data collected in 2020 by the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
How can you avoid addiction to opioids?
Having multiple health problems and taking multiple drugs can put people at risk of misusing drugs or becoming addicted. Early identification of prescription drug abuse and early intervention may prevent the problem from turning into an addiction. Drug addiction is a chronic disease characterized by compulsive, or uncontrollable, drug seeking and use despite harmful consequences and long-lasting changes in the brain. The changes can result in harmful behaviors by those who misuse drugs, whether prescription or illicit drugs.
Each day, more than 1,000 Americans are treated in emergency departments for misusing prescription opioids, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). While these prescriptions may be necessary in select cases, the signs of opioid addiction dependence some patients may experience while on the drug can lead to serious addiction, risky behavior or potential overdose leading to death. Knowing the signs of opioid intoxication and withdrawal can help prevent abuse of the drug.
Treatment options such as medications, therapy, and rehabilitation are available for those who are looking to quit. It is a disorder in which someone is misusing opioids to the point where it is becoming difficult for them to be able to stop using them or decrease their use. The abuse can interfere with the person’s ability to perform everyday tasks, like go to work or school.